Accounting refers to the mechanism of maintaining and keeping the records of the transactions and events and also its analysis and interpretation. It also includes the preparation of final accounts i.e. Trading and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet at the end of the financial year. It is associated with communicating the interpreted results of the financial information to its users.

ACCORDING TO AICPA (American Institute of Certified Public Accountants)

“Accounting is art of recording, classifying, summarizing in a significant manner and in terms of money, transactions and events which are, in part at least, of financial character and interpreting the results thereof.”

ACCORDING TO AAA (American Accounting Association)

“Accounting is the process of identifying, measuring and communicating economic information to permit informed judgments and decisions by the users of information.”

ACCORDING TO APB (Accounting Principles Board)

“It is a service activity. Its function is to provide quantitative information, primarily financial in nature, about economic entities that is intended to be useful in making economic decisions.”


“Accounting system is a means of collecting, summarizing, analyzing and reporting in monetary terms the information of business.”

Accounting Meaning
Accounting Meaning


“It may be defined as the identifying, measuring, recording and communicating of financial information.”


“Accounting is the science of recording and classifying business transactions and events, primarily of financial character, and the art of making significant summaries, analysis and interpretation of those transactions and events and communicating the results to the persons who must make decisions to form judgments.”

Thus, Accounting is a system which involves the identification of transactions and events which are financial in nature; ensuring measurement of transactions in the monetary terms; recording the transactions in the journal; classifying the entries in ledger; summarizing the entries in final accounts i.e. Trading Account and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet; analyzing and interpreting the results and communicating the results to the users of the information of accounts. “

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Accounting MeaningNon profit organisationDepreciationLiquidity ratios
Nature of AccountingReceipts and Payments AccountDepreciation AccountingAcid Test Ratio
Benefits of AccountingScope of accountingHire Purchase AccountingCash Ratio
Difference between cost accounting and financial accountingFinancial accounting, cost accounting and management accountingDifference between hire purchase and instalment systemFinancial ratio analysis
Difference between transaction and eventTransactionsUsers of AccountingRatio analysis
Limitation of AccountingCapital ExpenditureInstalment SystemDifference between consignment and sale
Book KeepingRevenue ExpenditureReserves AccountingAbnormal loss vs normal loss in consignment
AccountancyDifference between capital and revenue expenditureProvisions Treatment of loss on consignment
Accounting as science or an artAccounting EquationSingle entry systemAccounting treatment of consignment
Book Keeping vs accountingDeferred Revenue ExpenditureDifference between statement of affairs and balance sheetJoint venture vs consignment
Book keeping vs accountancyCapital receiptIFRSDepartmental Accounting
Accounting vs accountancyRevenue receiptBalance SheetMethods of departmental accounting
Basis of AccountingDifference between capital and revenue receiptProfit and loss AccountAllocation of expenses in departmental accounting
Branches of accountingDifference between accounting concepts and conventionsTrading AccountInter-departmental transfers
Cash and mercantile system of accountingAccounting StandardsVoyage AccountDifferent types of branches
Accounting PrinciplesObjectives of AccountingAccounting for Incomplete VoyageDepartmental vs Branch accounting
Golden rules of accountingProcess of AccountingJoint ventureMethods of branch accounting
Double entry system of book keepingScope of AccountingJoint Venture Vs PartnershipIncorporation of branch trial balance
Double entry vs Single entry systemAccounting Concepts vs Accounting conventionsMethods of recording transactions in Joint VentureGarner VS Murray Rule
History of AccountingDifference between provisions and reservesConsignment


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