DIFFERENCE BETWEEN STANDARD COSTING AND BUDGETARY CONTROL
Standard costing is a cost accounting technique which compares the results of actual production with the basic standard, as anticipated, in terms of costs so as to determine the reasons for discrepancies between the anticipated and actual costs.
Budgetary control is the process by which budgets are prepared for the future period and are compared with the actual performance for finding out variances, if any. The comparison of budgeted figures with actual figures will help the management to find out variances and take corrective actions without any delay.
|BASIS OF DIFFERENCE||STANDARD COSTING||BUDGETARY CONTROL|
|MEANING||The costing method in which evaluation of performance and activity is done by making a comparison between actual and standard costs, is Standard Costing.||Budgetary Control is the system in which budgets are prepared and continuous comparisons are made between the actual and budgeted figures to achieve the desired result.|
|BASIS||Standard costing is determined on the basis of data related to production.||Budgets are prepared on the basis of management’s plans under budgetary control.|
|RANGE||It is limited to cost details.||It includes cost and financial data.|
|INTERDEPENDENCE||Budgeting is necessary for standard costing.||Standard costing is not necessary for adopting budgetary control.|
|CONCEPT||It is a Unit Concept.||It is a Total Concept in itself.|
|VARIANCES||It deals with the variances of elements of cost i.e. material, labour, overhead and sales separately.||It deals with total variances only.|
|INCOME/ EXPENSES||Standards are set for expenses only.||Budgets can be prepared for incomes also.|
|SCOPE||It is Narrow concept.||It is a Wider concept than standard costing.|
|REPORTING OF VARIANCES||It reports the variances.||It does not report the variances.|
|FORECASTING||It cannot be used for forecasting.||It can be used for forecasting purpose also.|
|PROJECTION||It is the projection of cost accounts.||It is projection of financial accounts.|
|STANDARDIZATION OF PRODUCTS||It requires standardization of products.||It does not necessarily requires standardization of products.|
|EFFECT OF TEMPORARY CHANGES IN CONDITIONS||The short term changes will not influence the standard costs.||The short term changes will be shown in the budgeted costs.|
|COMPARISON||It compares Actual costs and standard cost of actual output.||It compares Actual figures and budgeted figures.|
|APPLICABILITY||It is applicable in Manufacturing concerns only.||It is applicable in All business concerns.|
Both Standard Costing and Budgetary Control are the techniques which provide a yardstick to judge the performance and analyze disagreement of the actual and estimated figures. Budgetary Control makes side by side comparisons, and that is why periodic revisions are made in the budgets, and that is why there is no need for reporting the variances, which is absent in Standard costing.
JOIN THE CHANNEL ON TELEGRAM
CONNECT ON LINKEDIN